Dental imaging is an important standard that aids medical records and physical examination in the clinical evaluation and diagnosis of dental patients. In cone beam technology, the X-ray source and the surface sensor rotate simultaneously in opposite positions around the patient's head. The basic image is obtained by illuminating the light at intervals during rotation. All the resulting base images are called projection data.
CBCT obtains detailed and clear images by taking sections at shorter intervals, and these sections are combined to obtain 3D images in a computer environment.
Thanks to dental tomography, lesions in the jaw and teeth can be detected, dental implants can be planned to be placed in optimal areas, and many other diagnoses and plans can be made accurately.
Through software programs with advanced algorithms, these data are converted into a three-dimensional database that allows structuring and shaping operations in axial, sagittal and coronal planes. CBCT can be performed in sitting and standing positions, depending on the capabilities of the device. However, although maintaining head stability is considered a more important criterion than patient position, image quality decreases to a certain extent if the head moves.
Due to the wide range of opportunities it offers, CBCT finds wide use in endodontic treatment, orthodontics, craniomaxillofacial surgery, pedodontics, and prosthetic and implant applications.